What is tendonitis?

Tendonitis is inflammation of the tendon where a muscle narrows down to join a bone. A tendon is a flexible band of fibrous tissue that connects muscles to bones. It transmits the pull of the muscle to the bone to cause movement. They are found throughout the body, including the hands, wrists, elbows, shoulders, hips, knees, ankles, and feet. Tendons can be small, like those found in the hand, or large, like the Achilles tendon in the heel. Inflammation to the tendon (increased blood flow through the area with warmth, swelling, pain and loss of function) can be spelled tendonitis or tendinitis.

What is bursitis?

Bursitis is inflammation of a bursa, a small sac that acts as a cushion or pad between moving structures (bones, muscles, tendons or skin). If a muscle or tendon is pulling around a corner, or over a bone, then a bursa serves to protect it from fraying and stress. Irritation or inflammation of this small sac is called bursitis (itis means inflammation).

Pain in tendonitis or bursitis, commonly involving the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee and ankle, may be quite severe, often of sudden onset and usually made worse by movement. This inflammation of the soft tissue tendons and bursae located near joints will often be mistaken for arthritis.

Tendonitis and bursitis are inflammations of the soft tissue around muscles and bones, usually in the shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee and ankle. The pain of bursitis or tendonitis can be severe and should be treated early by sport physiotherapist. Failure to rest the inflamed limb or the joint, temporarily, will usually result in longer-term, chronic problems.
Tendonitis, bursitis
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